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TM 10-4930-239-12&P Once contained, spread the granular sorbent (5) over the spill.  The kit's 16-1/2" wide x 20" long sorbent pads (3) may also be  used  to  absorb  the  spill.    If  low  flash  point  fuel  such  as  AVGAS  or  JP-4  has  been  spilled,  dig  up  the  sorbent  and contaminated  soil  using  the  2-piece  non-sparking  shovel  (8)  and  place  them  either  in  the  kit's  five  gallon  pails  (13)  or plastic disposal bags (9) sealed with the tie strips (10).  Store and transport the pails or bags in the 55 gallon drums (11). WARNING DEATH or SEVERE INJURY can occur from fire and explosion of fuels. Spilled  fuel  can  ignite  or  explode  and  cause  serious  injury  or  death  to operating  personnel.    To  avoid  fire  and  explosion  during  all  fuel  spill cleanup procedures: DO NOT allow any flame producing material within 100 feet of the FSSP. DO NOT smoke or allow smoking during refueling operations. DO NOT allow fuel to drip onto hot surfaces. DO NOT refuel equipment while its engine is running. DO  NOT  allow spilled fuel to come into contact with exposed skin. ALWAYS wear gloves when cleaning up a fuel spill. DO NOT allow spilled fuel to get into eyes.  ALWAYS  wear goggles when cleaning up any fuel spill. (4) Large Spills.  The first thing to do is stop the flow of fuel if possible.  At a permanent installation or large temporary refueling point where there is a fire department or fire brigade, call the fire fighters immediately and stop operations in the area.  As soon as the fire assistance has been called, the actions described below should be performed as necessary: (a) Personnel.  It may be necessary to have all personnel leave a vehicle if the spill is at or near it.  No one other than authorized personnel should move through the spill area. If anyone gets fuel on his clothes, he should take them off and wash them with soap and water.  Any person whose clothes are on fire should roll or be rolled on the ground to put out the fire or be wrapped in a blanket to smother the flames. (b) Mobile Refueling Equipment.  This equipment may be the largest single source of fuel near the spill.  If the fuel spill has not caught fire, starting the engine of a refueler or other vehicle could supply the spark that would ignite the spill or vapors.  The decision on what procedure is least hazardous -- driving the refueler away or not starting the engine -- must be made on the spot by the person in charge.  If the vehicle engine is running, normal practice is to drive the vehicle away from the spill unless this would pose an unacceptable risk to the driver. (c) Aircraft.  If an aircraft in the spill area has its engine running at the time of the spill, usually it should lift off out of the spill area.  The heat of the engines can cause the spill to ignite.  The rotor or prop wash from an aircraft can spread the vapor hazard to an area there ignition sources may be present, thus increasing the danger.  It can also cause problems by dissipating fire fighting agents. CHANGE 1 2-12.3

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